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June 06, 2019
Draft of National Educational Policy was submitted to the Union Human Resource Development Minister - Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' and Minister of State for HRD by a committee led by former ISRO scientist Dr Kasturirangan.
According to Press Information Bureau, several consultations were made by the committee across multiple levels, from the grassroots to the national level, which provided an opportunity to every citizen to engage in this massive exercise.
Draft of New Education Policy Committee led by Dr Kasturirangan submits draft of National Education Policy to Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal (Courtesy: PIB)
A committee led by former ISRO scientist Dr Kasturirangan submitted the draft of National Educational Policy to the Union Human Resource Development Minister - Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' and Minister of State for HRD
The committee held extensive consultations across multiple levels, from the grassroots to the national level, providing an opportunity to every citizen to engage in this massive exercise, Press Information Bureau said.
In the wake of the submission of the policy, anti-Hindi sentiments ran high over the three-language formula suggesting that non-Hindi speaking states would include a regional language, English and Hindi, while states, where Hindi is spoken, would have English and another modern Indian language in addition to Hindi.
Aiming to make India a knowledge superpower by equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge, the Central government had initiated the process of designing a New Education Policy. According to PIB, the policy has been formulated to meet the changing dynamics of the requirements of the population with regard to quality education, innovation and research. The new policy is focussed on eliminating the shortage of manpower in science, technology, academics and industry.
1) The committee proposes a major reconfiguration of curricular and pedagogical structure with Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) as an integral part of school education.
2) The committee proposes an extension of the Right to Education Act 2009 to cover children of ages three to 18.
3) The committee advocates a 5+3+3+4 curricular and pedagogical structure based on cognitive and socio-emotional developmental stages of children:
Foundational Stage (age 3-8 yrs): 3 years of pre-primary plus Grades 1-2;
Preparatory Stage (8-11 years): Grades 3-5;
Middle Stage (11-14 years): Grades 6-8; and
Secondary Stage (14-18 years): Grades 9-12.
4) It also seeks to reduce the content load in the school education curriculum. It promotes active pedagogy that will focus on the development of core capacities: and life skills, including 21st-century skills.
5) The committee proposes for massive transformation in Teacher Education by shutting down sub-standard teacher education institutions and moving all teacher preparation/education programmes into large multidisciplinary universities/colleges. The four-year integrated stage-specific B.Ed programme will eventually be the minimum degree qualification for teachers.
6) It advocates a new apex body Rashtriya Shiksha Ayog to enable a holistic and integrated implementation of all educational initiatives and programmatic interventions and to coordinate efforts between the Centre and the states.
8) The committee suggests separating the four functions of standard setting, funding, accreditation and regulation. It endorses National Higher Education Regulatory Authority as the only regulator for all higher education including professional education, creation of accreditation eco-system led by revamped NAAC, professional standard-setting bodies for each area of professional education and UGC to transform to Higher Education Grants Commission (HEGC).
9) The committee says the private and public institutions will be treated on par and education will remain a ‘not for profit’ activity.
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