# Surveying II

 Course Code : ULZ0148 Author : uLektz University : General for All University Regulation : 2017 Categories : General Engineering Format : ePUB3 (DRM Protected) Type : eBook

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Description :Surveying II of ULZ0148 covers the latest syllabus prescribed by General for All University for regulation 2017. Author: uLektz, Published by uLektz Learning Solutions Private Limited.

Note : No printed book. Only ebook. Access eBook using uLektz apps for Android, iOS and Windows Desktop PC.

##### Topics
###### UNIT I CONTROL SURVEYING

1.1 Horizontal and vertical control, Methods, Specifications

1.2 Triangulation

1.3 Baseline

1.4 Instruments and accessories, Corrections

1.5 Satellite stations, Reduction to centre, Trigonometrical levelling

1.6 Single and reciprocal observations

1.7 Traversing, Gale’s table

2.1 Errors Sources, Precautions and corrections

2.2 Classification of errors

2.3 True And Most Probable Values

2.4 Weighed observations, Method of equal shifts

2.5 Principle of least squares, Normal equations

2.6 Correlates

2.7 Level nets

2.8 Adjustment of simple triangulation networks

###### UNIT III TOTAL STATION SURVEYING

3.1 Basic principle, Classifications

3.2 Electro-optical system, Infrared and Laser Total Station instruments

3.3 Microwave system: Measuring principle, Working principle, Sources of Error

3.4 Microwave Total Station instruments, Comparison between Electro-optical and Microwave system

3.5 Care and Maintenance of Total Station instruments, Modern positioning systems – Traversing and Trilateration

###### UNIT IV GPS SURVEYING

4.1 Basic Concepts

4.2 Different segments, Space, Control And User Segments

4.3 Satellite configuration, Signal structure

4.4 Orbit Determination And Representation

4.5 Anti Spoofing and Selective Availability, Task of Control Segment

4.6 Hand Held and Geodetic receivers, Data Processing

4.7 Traversing and Triangulation

###### UNIT V ADVANCED TOPICS IN SURVEYING

5.1 Route Surveying, Reconnaissance -Route surveys for highways, railways and waterways

5.2 Simple curves

5.3 Compound and reverse curves, Setting out Methods

5.4 Transition curves, Functions and requirements

5.5 Setting out by offsets and angles

5.6 Vertical curves, Sight distances

5.7 Hydrographic surveying -Tides, MSL

5.8 Sounding methods

5.9 Three-point problem

5.10 Strength of fix, Sextants and station pointer

5.11 Astronomical Surveying

5.12 Field observations and determination of Azimuth by altitude and hour angle methods

5.13 Fundamentals of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing