# FLUID MECHANICS AND HYDRAULICS MACHINES

 Course Code : PCI3I101 Author : uLektz University : Biju Patnaik University of Technology (BPUT) Regulation : 2016 Categories : Civil Format : ePUB3 (DRM Protected) Type : eBook

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Description :FLUID MECHANICS AND HYDRAULICS MACHINES of PCI3I101 covers the latest syllabus prescribed by Biju Patnaik University of Technology (BPUT) for regulation 2016. Author: uLektz, Published by uLektz Learning Solutions Private Limited.

Note : No printed book. Only ebook. Access eBook using uLektz apps for Android, iOS and Windows Desktop PC.

##### Topics
###### UNIT-I INTRODUCTION AND FLUID STATICS

1.1 Introduction- Physical property of Fluid: Density, Specific gravity, Specific weight, Specific volume, Surface tension and Capillarity, Viscosity, Compressibility and Bulk modulus, Fluid classification

1.2 Fluid statics: Pressure, Pascal’s Law, Pressure variation for incompressible fluid, Atmospheric pressure, Absolute pressure, Gauge pressure and Vacuum pressure, manometer

1.3 Hydrostatic pressure on submerged surface, Force on a horizontal submerged plane surface, Force on a vertical submerged plane surface

1.4 Buoyancy and floatation, Archimedes’ principle

1.5 Stability of immersed and floating bodies, Determination of metacentric height

###### UNIT-II FLUID KINEMATICS

2.1 Fluid kinematics : Introduction, Description of fluid flow

2.2 Classification of fluid flow, Reynold’s number, Acceleration of fluid particles, Flow rate and Continuity equation, Differential equation of continuity

2.3 Mathematical definitions of irrotational and rotational motion- Circulation, potential function and stream function- Flow net

###### UNIT-III FLUID DYNAMICS

3.1 Fluid dynamics : Introduction, Euler’s equation along a streamline, Energy equation, Bernoulli’s equation and its application to Siphon, Venturi meter, Orifice meter, Pitot tube

3.2 Flow in pipes and ducts: Loss due to friction, Minor energy losses in pipes, Hydraulic Gradient Line (HGL), Total Energy Line (TEL)

3.3 Power transmission in the fluid flow in pipes, Fluid flow in pipes in series and parallel

3.4 Flow through nozzles

###### UNIT-IV HYDRAULIC TURBINE

4.1 Hydraulic turbine

4.2 Classification, Impulse and Reaction turbine; Tangential, Radial and axial turbine. Impulse turbine, Pelton wheel, Bucket dimensions, Number of buckets in pelton wheel, Efficiency and Performance curves

4.3 Reaction Turbines: Francis turbine and Kaplan turbine, Velocity triangle and Efficiencies, Performance curve. Function of draft tube and Casing cavitation

4.4 Centrifugal Pump: constructional features, vane shape, velocity triangles, Efficiencies, Multi stage centrifugal pumps, Pump Characteristic, NPSH and Cavitation

4.5 Positive displacement pumps: Reciprocating Pump, Working principle, Discharge, work done and power requirement, Slip, Indicator diagram