# Fluid Mechanics

 Course Code : R1621016 Author : uLektz University : JNTU Kakinada Regulation : 2016 Categories : Civil Format : ePUB3 (DRM Protected) Type : eBook

FREE

Description :Fluid Mechanics of R1621016 covers the latest syllabus prescribed by JNTU Kakinada for regulation 2016. Author: uLektz, Published by uLektz Learning Solutions Private Limited.

Note : No printed book. Only ebook. Access eBook using uLektz apps for Android, iOS and Windows Desktop PC.

##### Topics
###### UNIT I INTRODUCTION

1.1 Dimensions and Units - Physical Properties of Fluids - Specific Gravity, Viscosity - Surface tension, Vapour pressure and their influences on fluid motion - Pressure at a point

1.2 Pascal’s law, Hydrostatic law -atmospheric, gauge and vacuum pressures

1.3 Measurement of pressure, Pressure gauges, Manometers: Differential and Micro Manometers

###### UNIT II HYDROSTATICS

2.1 Hydrostatic forces on submerged plane, Horizontal, Vertical, inclined and curved surfaces - Centre of pressure

2.2 Fluid kinematics : Introduction - Description of fluid flow -Stream Line, Path Line, Streak Lines and Stream Tube - Classification of fluid flow:Steady, unsteady, uniform, non-uniform, laminar, turbulent, rotational and irrotational flows

2.3 Equation of continuity for one, two, three dimensional flows - Stream Function and Velocity Potential Function - Flow net analysis

###### UNIT III FLUID DYNAMICS

3.1 Surface and body forces-Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equations for flow along a stream line

3.2 Momentum equation and its application-forces on pipe bend

###### UNIT IV LAMINAR FLOW AND TURBULENT FLOWS

4.1 Reynold’s experiment - Characteristics of Laminar & Turbulent flows, Shear and velocity distributions, Laws of Fluid friction, Hagen-Poiseulle Formula, Flow between parallel plates, Flow through long tubes, hydrodynamically smooth and rough flows

4.2 Closed Conduit Flow: Darcy-Weisbach equation - Minor loss - Flow through pipes in series and parallel - Total energy line and hydraulic gradient line

4.3 Variation of Friction Factor with Reynold’s number - Moody Chart - Pipe network - Hazen-Williams equation - Hardy Cross Method

###### UNIT V MEASUREMENT OF FLOW

5.1 Pitot tube - Venturi meter - Orifice meter

5.2 Classification of Orifices, Small orifice and Large orifice Flow over rectangular, triangular, trapezoidal and stepped notches -Broad Crested Weirs

###### UNIT VI BOUNDARY LAYER THEORY

6.1 Boundary layer (BL) - Concepts, Prandtl contribution, Characteristics of boundary layer along a thin flat plate, Von Karman momentum integral equation

6.2 Laminar and turbulent Boundary layers(no deviations)- BL in transition, separation of BL, Control of BL, flow around submerged objects-Drag and Lift- Magnus effect