Book Details

Environmental Studies

Environmental Studies

Published by uLektz

Course Code:ULZHS0056

Author:uLektz

University: General for All University

Regulation:2016

Categories:Arts and Science

Format : ico_bookePUB3 (DRM Protected)

Type :eBook

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Note : No printed book. Only ebook. Access eBook using uLektz apps for Android, iOS and Windows Desktop PC.

Topics
UNIT – I MULTIDISCIPLINARY NATURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

1.1 Definition, Scope and Importance – Sustainability: Stockholm and Rio Summit

1.2 Global Environmental Challenges: Global warming and climate change, Carbon Credits, acid rains, ozone layer depletion, population growth and explosion, effects. Role of information Technology in Environment and human health.

1.3 Ecosystems: Concept of an ecosystem - Structure and function of an ecosystem - Producers, consumers and decomposers.

1.4 Energy flow in the ecosystem - Ecological succession.

1.5 Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids.

1.6 Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of Forest ecosystem, Grassland ecosystem, Desert ecosystem, Aquatic ecosystems.

UNIT – II NATURAL RESOURCES

2.1 Natural resources and associated problems, Forest resources – Use and over – exploitation, deforestation – Timber extraction – Mining, dams and other effects on forest and tribal people

2.2 Water resources – Use and over utilization of surface and ground water – Floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams – benefits and problems

2.3 Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, Sustainable mining of Granite, Literate, Coal, Sea and River sands.

2.4 Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by non-agriculture activities-effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity

2.5 Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources use of alternate energy sources Vs Oil and Natural Gas Extraction.

2.6 Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, Wasteland reclamation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.

UNIT – III BIODIVERSITY AND ITS CONSERVATION

3.1 Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity- classification

3.2 Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social

3.3 Biodiversity at national and local levels. India as a mega-diversity nation - Hot-spots of biodiversity

3.4 Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, man-wildlife conflicts - Endangered and endemic species of India

3.5 Conservation of biodiversity: conservation of biodiversity.

UNIT – IV ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

4.1 Definition, Cause, effects and control measures of Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Nuclear hazards.

4.2 Role of an individual in prevention of pollution. - Pollution case studies, Sustainable Life Studies. Impact of Fire Crackers on Men and his well being.

4.3 Solid Waste Management: Sources, Classification, effects and control measures of urban and industrial solid wastes. Consumerism and waste products.

4.4 Biomedical, Hazardous and e – waste management.

UNIT – V SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT

5.1 Urban problems related to energy -Water conservation, rain water harvesting-Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns.

5.2 Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions. Environmental Protection Act -Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. –Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act -Wildlife Protection Act -Forest Conservation Act

5.3 Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation. -Public awareness

UNIT – VI ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT:

6.1 Impact Assessment and its significance various stages of EIA, preparation of EMP and EIS, Environmental audit.

6.2 Ecotourism, Green Campus – Green business and Green politics.

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