Book Details

Engineering Chemistry

Engineering Chemistry

Published by uLektz

Course Code:CY8151

Author:uLektz

University: Anna University, Tamil Nadu

Regulation:2017

Categories:General Engineering

Format : ico_bookePUB3 (DRM Protected)

Type :eBook

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Topics
UNIT I WATER AND ITS TREATMENT

1.1 Hardness of water-types-expression of hardness-units

1.2 Estimation of hardness of water by EDTA -numerical problems on hardness

1.3 Boiler troubles (scale and sludge) - treatment of boiler feed water-internal treatment (phosphate, colloidal, sodium aluminate and calgon conditioning) -external treatment-Ion exchange process, zeolite process -desalination of brackish water-Reverse Osmosis

UNIT II SURFACE CHEMISTRY AND CATALYSIS

2.1 Adsorption: Types of adsorption

2.2 Adsorption of gases on solids - adsorption of solute from solutions

2.3 Adsorption isotherms: Freundlich’s adsorption isotherm, Langmuir’s adsorption isotherm

2.4 Contact theory: kinetics of surface reactions, unimolecular reactions-Langmuir - Applications of adsorption on pollution abatement

2.5 Catalysis: Catalyst, types of catalysis, criteria, autocatalysis, catalytic poisoning and catalytic promoters, acid base catalysis

2.6 Applications (catalytic convertor), enzyme catalysis, Michaelis – Menten equation

UNIT III ALLOYS AND PHASE RULE

3.1 Alloys: Introduction - Definition - properties of alloys - significance of alloying

3.2 Functions and effect of alloying elements-Nichrome and stainless steel (18/8)-heat treatment of steel

3.3 Phase rule: Introduction, definition of terms with examples

3.4 One component system - water system - reduced phase rule - thermal analysis and cooling curves

3.5 Two component systems- lead-silver system-Pattinson process

UNIT IV FUELS AND COMBUSTION

4.1 Fuels: Introduction, classification of fuels

4.2 Coal: analysis of coal (proximate and ultimate) -carbonization - manufacture of metallurgical coke (Otto Hoffmann method)

4.3 Petroleum - manufacture of synthetic petrol (Bergius process)- knocking - octane Number - diesel oil - cetane number

4.4 Natural gas, compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gases (LPG), power alcohol and biodiesel

4.5 Combustion of fuels: Introduction-calorific value - higher and lower calorific values -theoretical calculation of calorific value

4.6 Ignition temperature - spontaneous ignition temperature - explosive range-flue gas analysis (ORSAT Method)

UNIT V ENERGY SOURCES AND STORAGE DEVICES

5.1 Nuclear fission - controlled nuclear fission-nuclear fusion-differences between nuclear fission and fusion

5.2 Nuclear chain reactions - nuclear energy - light water nuclear power plant - breeder reactor - solar energy conversion - solar cells - wind energy

5.3 Batteries, fuel cells and supercapacitors: Types of batteries - primary battery (dry cell) secondary battery (lead acid battery, lithium-ion-battery) fuel cells - H2-O2 fuel cell

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