# Surveying

 Course Code : R1621015 Author : uLektz University : JNTU Kakinada Regulation : 2016 Categories : Civil Format : ePUB3 (DRM Protected) Type : eBook

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Description :Surveying of R1621015 covers the latest syllabus prescribed by JNTU Kakinada for regulation 2016. Author: uLektz, Published by uLektz Learning Solutions Private Limited.

Note : No printed book. Only ebook. Access eBook using uLektz apps for Android, iOS and Windows Desktop PC.

##### Topics
###### UNIT I INTRODUCTION

1.1 INTRODUCTION: definition-Uses of surveying - Overview of plane surveying (chain, compass and plane table)

1.2 Objectives, Principles and Classifications

1.3 Errors in survey measurements

###### UNIT II DISTANCES AND DIRECTION

2.1 Distances and direction: Distance measurement conventions and methods use of chain and tape

2.2 Electronic distance measurements (EDM)- principles of electro optical EDM - errors and corrections to linear measurements - compass survey

2.3 Meridians, Azimuths and Bearings, declination, computation of angle

2.4 Traversing - Purpose-types of traverse - Traverse computation - Traverse adjustments - omitted measurements

###### UNIT III LEVELING AND CONTOURING

3.1 Leveling and contouring: Concept and Terminology, Leveling Instruments and their Temporary and permanent adjustments- method of leveling

3.2 Characteristics and Uses of contours- methods of conducting contour surveys

###### UNIT IV THEODOLITE and TACHEOMETRIC SURVEYING

4.1 Theodolite: Theodolite, description, principles-uses and adjustments - temporary and permanent, measurement of horizontal and vertical angles

4.2 Principles of Electronic Theodolite , Trigonometrical leveling

4.3 Tacheometric Surveying: Stadia and tangential methods of Tacheometry. Distance and Elevation formulae for Staff vertical position

###### UNIT V CURVES

5.1 Curves: Types of curves

5.2 Design and setting out – simple and compound curves - Transition curves

5.3 Introduction to geodetic surveying

5.4 Total Station and Global positioning system

###### UNIT VI COMPUTATION OF AREAS AND VOLUMES

6.1 COMPUTATION OF AREAS AND VOLUMES: Area from field notes - Computation of areas along irregular boundaries and area consisting of regular boundaries

6.2 Embankments and cutting for a level section and two level sections with and without transverse slopes - Determination of the capacity of reservoir - Volume of borrow pits