# Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines

 Course Code : PCME4201 Author : uLektz University : Biju Patnaik University of Technology (BPUT) Regulation : 2010 Categories : Civil Format : ePUB3 (DRM Protected) Type : eBook

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Description :Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines of PCME4201 covers the latest syllabus prescribed by Biju Patnaik University of Technology (BPUT) for regulation 2010. Author: uLektz, Published by uLektz Learning Solutions Private Limited.

Note : No printed book. Only ebook. Access eBook using uLektz apps for Android, iOS and Windows Desktop PC.

##### Topics
###### MODULE I INTRODUCTION : SCOPE OF FLUID MECHANICS, FLUID KINEMATICS

1.1 Introduction : Scope of fluid mechanics and its development as a science

1.2 Physical property of Fluid: Density, specific gravity, specific weight, specific volume, surface tension and capillarity, viscosity, compressibility and bulk modulus, Fluid classification.

1.3 Fluid statics: Pressure, Pascal’s Law, Pressure variation for incompressible fluid atmospheric pressure, absolute pressure, gauge pressure and vacuum pressure, manometer

1.4 Hydrostatic process on submerged surface, force on a horizontal submerged plane surface, force on a vertical submerged plane surface.

1.5 Buoyancy and floatation, Archimedes’ principle, stability of immersed and floating bodies, determination of metacentric height.

1.6 Stability of immersed and floating bodies, determination of metacentric height

1.7 Fluid kinematics : Introduction

1.8 description of fluid flow classification of fluid flow. Reynold’s number, Acceleration of fluid particles, flow rate and continuity equation, differential equation of continuity,

1.9 Mathematical definitions of irrotational and rotational motion. Circulation, potential function and stream function. Flow net

###### MODULE II FLUID DYNAMICS : INTRODUCTION & FLOW IN PIPES AND DUCTS

2.1 Fluid dynamics : Introduction, Euler’s equation along a streamline, energy equation, Bernoulli’s equation and its application to siphon, venturimeter, orificemeter, pitot tube.

2.2 Flow in pipes and ducts: Loss due to friction, Minor energy losses in pipes Hydraulic Gradient Line (HGL), Total Energy Line (TEL),

2.3 Power transmission in the fluid flow in pipes, fluid flow in pipes in series and parallel. Flow through nozzles.

###### MODULE III TURBINES & POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS

3.1 Hydraulic turbine:

3.2 Classification, Impulse and Reaction turbine; Tangential, Radial and axial turbine. Impulse turbine, Pelton wheel, bucket dimensions, number of buckets in pelton wheel, efficiency and performance curves.

3.3 Reaction Turbines: Francis turbine and Kaplan turbine, velocity triangle and efficiencies, performance curve. Function of draft tube and casing cavitation

3.4 Centrifugal Pump: constructional features, vane shape, velocity triangles, Efficiencies, Multi stage centrifugal pumps, Pump Characteristic, NPSH and Cavitation.

3.5 Positive displacement pumps: Reciprocating Pump, Working principle, Discharge, work done and power requirement, Slip, Indicator diagram