# Fluid Mechanics

 Course Code : RT21016 Author : uLektz University : JNTU Kakinada Regulation : 2013 Categories : Civil Format : ePUB3 (DRM Protected) Type : eBook

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Description :Fluid Mechanics of RT21016 covers the latest syllabus prescribed by JNTU Kakinada for regulation 2013. Author: uLektz, Published by uLektz Learning Solutions Private Limited.

Note : No printed book. Only ebook. Access eBook using uLektz apps for Android, iOS and Windows Desktop PC.

##### Topics
###### UNIT I INTRODUCTION

1.1 Dimensions and units – Physical properties of fluids, specific gravity, viscosity, surface tension, vapor pressure and their influences on fluid motion

1.2 Pressure at a point, Pascal’s law, Hydrostatic law

1.3 Atmospheric gauge and vacuum pressure

1.4 Measurement of pressure, Pressure gauges, Manometers: Differential and Micro Manometers

###### UNT II HYDROSTATICS AND FLUID KINEMATICS

2.1 HYDROSTATICS: Hydrostatic forces on submerged plane, Horizontal, Vertical, inclined and curved surfaces

2.2 Center of pressure, Derivations and problems

2.3 FLUID KINEMATICS: Description of fluid flow, Stream line, path line and streak lines and stream tube, Classification of flows: Steady, unsteady, uniform, non-uniform, laminar, turbulent, rotational and irrotational flows, Equation of continuity for one, two, three dimensional flows

2.4 Stream and velocity potential functions, flow net analysis

###### UNIT III FLUID DYNAMICS

3.1 Surface and body forces - Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equations for flow along a stream line for 3-D flow

3.2 Navier – Stokes equations (Explanationary), Momentum equation and its applications, Forces on pipe bend

###### UNIT IV BOUNDARY LAYER THEORY

4.1 Boundary layer – concepts, Prandtl contribution, Characteristics of boundary layer along a thin flat plate

4.2 Von karmen momentum integral equation, laminar and turbulent Boundary layers, no deviations

4.3 BL in transition,Separation of BL, Control of BL, Flow around submerged objects

4.4 Drag and Lift, Magnus effect

###### UNIT V LAMINAR FLOW AND CLOSED CONDUIT FLOW

5.1 LAMINAR FLOW: Reynold’s experiment – Characteristics of Laminar & Turbulent flows

5.2 Flow between parallel plates, Flow through long tubes, flow through inclined tubes

5.3 CLOSED CONDUIT FLOW: Laws of Fluid friction, Darcy’s equation

5.4 Minor losses - Pipes in series, Pipes in parallel - Total energy line and hydraulic gradient line

5.5 Pipe network problems, variation of friction factor with Reynold’s number – Moody’s Chart

###### UNIT VI MEASUREMENT OF FLOW

6.1 Pitot tube, Venturi meter and Orifice meter

6.2 Classification of orifices, small orifice and large orifice, Flow over rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal and Stepped notches