The site would be on maintenance from 8th Jul 2019 2.00pm to 8:00pm. You may experience some issue during this time.

Book Details

Environmental Science

Environmental Science

Published by uLektz

Course Code : ULZ0282
Author : uLektz
University : General for All University
Regulation : 2017
Categories : Electrical & Electronics
Format : ico_bookePUB3 (DRM Protected)
Type : eBook

FREE

Buy Now

Description :Environmental Science of ULZ0282 covers the latest syllabus prescribed by General for All University for regulation 2017. Author: uLektz, Published by uLektz Learning Solutions Private Limited.

Note : No printed book. Only ebook. Access eBook using uLektz apps for Android, iOS and Windows Desktop PC.

Topics
UNIT I THE MULTIDISCIPLINARY NATURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

1.1 Definition, scope and importance

1.2 Need for public awareness

UNIT II NATURAL RESOURCES: RENEWABLE AND NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCES

2.1 Natural resources and associated problems

2.2 Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, Deforestation, Case studies, Timber extraction, Mining, Dams and their effects on forests and tribal people

2.3 Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, Floods, Drought, Conflicts over water, Dams-benefits and problems.

2.4 Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, Environmental effects of extracting and mineral resources, Case studies

2.5 Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, Effects of modern agriculture, Fertilizer-pesticide problems, Water logging, Salinity, Case studies

2.6 Energy resources: Growing energy needs, Renewable and non- renewable energy sources, Use of alternate energy sources, Case Study

2.7 Land resources: Land as a resource, Land degradation, Man induced landslides, Soil erosion and desertification, Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources, Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles

UNIT III ECOSYSTEMS

3.1 Concept of an ecosystem, Structure and function of an ecosystem, Producers, consumers and decomposers

3.2 Energy flow in the ecosystem, Ecological succession, Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids

3.3 Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the following ecosystem, Forest ecosystem, Grassland ecosystem

3.4 Desert ecosystem, Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)

UNIT IV BIODIVERSITY AND ITS CONSERVATION

4.1 Introduction – Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity, Biogeographical classification of India

4.2 Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values, Biodiversity at global, National and local levels, India as a mega-diversity nation, Hot-spots of biodiversity

4.3 Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts, Endangered and endemic species of India, Conservation of biodiversity: in-situ and ex-situ conservation of biodiversity

UNIT V ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

5.1 Causes, effects and control measures of air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Marine pollution, Noise pollution, Thermal pollution, Nuclear hazards

5.2 Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes, Role of an individual in prevention of pollution, Pollution case studies.

5.3 Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides

UNIT VI Social Issues and the Environment

6.1 From Unsustainable to Sustainable development, Urban problems related to energy

6.2 Water conservation, Rain water harvesting

6.3 watershed management, Resettlement and rehabilitation of people, Its problems and concerns, Case studies

6.4 Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions.

6.5 Climate change, Global Warming, Acid rain, Ozone layer depletion, Nuclear accidents and holocaust, Case studies

6.6 Wasteland reclamation, Consumerism and waste products

6.7 Environment Protection Act , Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, Wildlife Protection Act, Forest Conservation Act, Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation, Public awareness

UNIT VII HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

7.1 Population growth, variation among nations, Population explosion, Family Welfare Programme

7.2 Environment and human health, Human Rights, Value Education, HIV/AIDS, Women and Child Welfare, Role of Information Technology in Environment and human health. Case Studies

UNIT VIII FIELD WORK

8.1 Visit to a local area to document environmental assets-river / forest / grassland / hill / mountain.

8.2 Visit to a local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.

8.3 Study of common plants, insects, birds. Study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc.

loading