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Book Details

Applied Chemistry

Applied Chemistry

Published by uLektz

Course Code : ULZHS0053
Author : uLektz
University : General for All University
Regulation : 2013
Categories : Arts and Science
Format : ico_bookePUB3 (DRM Protected)
Type : eBook

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Description :Applied Chemistry of ULZHS0053 covers the latest syllabus prescribed by General for All University for regulation 2013. Author: uLektz, Published by uLektz Learning Solutions Private Limited.

Note : No printed book. Only ebook. Access eBook using uLektz apps for Android, iOS and Windows Desktop PC.

Topics
UNIT I: HIGH POLYMERS AND PLASTICS

1.1 Polymerization, Introduction, Mechanism of polymerization, Stereo regular polymers, methods of polymerization (emulsion and suspension), Physical and mechanical properties

1.2 Plastics as engineering materials : advantages and limitations , Thermoplastics and Thermosetting plastics – Compounding and fabrication (4/5 techniques)

1.3 Preparation, properties and applications of polyethene, PVC, Bakelite Teflon and polycarbonates

1.4 Elastomers:-Natural rubber, compounding and vulcanization

1.5 Synthetic rubbers: Buna S, Buna N, Thiokol and polyurethanes, Applications of elastomers

1.6 Composite materials & Fiber reinforced plastics, Biodegradable polymers, Conducting polymers

UNIT II: FUEL TECHNOLOGY

2.1 Fuels, Introduction, Classification, Calorific value, HCV and LCV, Dulong’s formula, Bomb calorimeter, Numerical problems

2.2 Coal, Proximate and ultimate analysis, Significance of the analyses

2.3 Liquid fuels, Petroleum, Refining, Cracking, Synthetic petrol, Petrol knocking, Diesel knocking, Octane and Cetane ratings, Anti-knock agents

2.4 Power alcohol, Bio-diesel, Gaseous fuels, Natural gas, LPG and CNG

2.5 Combustion, Calculation of air for the combustion of a fuel, Flue gas analysis, Orsat apparatus, Numerical problems on combustion

2.6 Explosives: Introduction, classification, examples: RDX, TNT and ammonium nitrite - rocket fuels

UNIT III: ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS AND CORROSION

3.1 Galvanic cells, Reversible and irreversible cells, Single electrode potential

3.2 Electrochemical series and uses of this series- Standard electrodes (Hydrogen and Calomel electrodes),Concentration Cells

3.3 Batteries: Dry Cell, Ni-Cd cells, Ni-Metal hydride cells, Li cells, Zinc – air cells

3.4 Corrosion:-Definition, Theories of Corrosion (chemical & electrochemical)

3.5 Formation of galvanic cells by different metals, by concentration cells, by differential aeration and waterline corrosion

3.6 Passivity of metals, Pitting corrosion, Galvanic series, Factors which influence the rate of corrosion, Protection from corrosion, Design and material selection, Cathodic protection

3.7 Protective coatings: – Surface preparation, Metallic (cathodic and anodic) coatings, Methods of application on metals (Galvanizing, Tinning, Electroplating, Electroless plating)

UNIT IV: CHEMISTRY OF ADVANCED MATERIALS

4.1 Nanomaterials:-Introduction, Sol-gel method & chemical reduction method of preparation, Characterization by BET method and TEM methods

4.2 Carbon nanotubes and fullerenes: Types, preparation, properties and applications

4.3 Liquid crystals:-Introduction, Types, Applications

4.4 Superconductors: Type-1 & Type-2, properties & applications

4.5 Green synthesis: Principles - 3 or 4 methods of synthesis with examples – R4M4 principles

UNIT V: SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY

5.1 Types of solids - close packing of atoms and ions - BCC , FCC, structures of rock salt - cesium chloride- spinel - normal and inverse spinels

5.2 Non-elemental semiconducting Materials:-Stoichiometric, controlled valency & Chalcogen photo/semiconductors

5.3 Preparation of Semiconductors - Semiconductor Devices:- p-n junction diode as rectifier – junction transistor

5.4 Insulators (electrical and electronic applications)

5.5 Magnetic materials: Ferro and ferrimagnetism. Hall effect and its applications

UNIT VI: NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES AND STORAGE DEVICES

6.1 Solar Energy: Introduction, application of solar energy, conversion of solar energy (Thermal conversion & photo conversion)

6.2 Photovoltaic cell: design, working and its importance

6.3 Non-conventional energy sources: Hydropower include setup a hydropower plant (schematic diagram)

6.4 Geothermal energy: Introduction-schematic diagram of a geothermal power plant

6.5 Tidal and wave power: Introduction- Design and working-movement of tides and their effect on sea level

6.6 Ocean thermal energy: Introduction, closed-cycle, ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC), open cycle OTEC, hybrid OTEC, schematic diagram and explanation

6.7 Biomass and biofuels

6.8 Fuel cells: Introduction - cell representation, H2-O2 fuel cell: Design and working, advantages and limitations

6.9 Types of fuel cells: Alkaline fuel cell - methanol-oxygen - phosphoric acid fuel cells - molten carbonate fuel cells

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